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                                                                                                                                                                          真人网站赌场:最高院:倒买倒卖外汇等严重行为 以非法经营罪处罚

                                                                                                                                                                          2019年02月11日 09:50 来源:延川县雅莉奇闻网

                                                                                                                                                                            最高人民法院、最高人民检察院日前联合发布《关于办理非法从事资金支付结算业务、非法买卖外汇刑事案件适用法律若干问题的解释》,规定实施倒买倒卖外汇或变相买卖外汇等非法买卖外汇行为,扰乱金融市场秩序,情节严重的,以非法经营罪定罪处罚。

                                                                                                                                                                            据最高人民法院、最高人民检察院有关部门负责人介绍,地下钱庄非法买卖外汇主要有较为传统的以境内直接交易形式实施的倒买倒卖外汇行为和当前常见的以境内外「对敲」方式进行资金跨国(境)兑付的变相买卖外汇行为。

                                                                                                                                                                            倒买倒卖外汇,是指不法分子在国内外汇黑市进行低买高卖,从中赚取汇率差价。此类钱庄俗称为「换汇黄牛」。变相买卖外汇,是指在形式上进行的不是人民币和外汇之间的直接买卖,而采取以外汇偿还人民币或以人民币偿还外汇、以外汇和人民币互换实现货币价值转换的行为。

                                                                                                                                                                            *地下钱庄主要业务为资金跨国(境)兑付,属重点打击对象*

                                                                                                                                                                            资金跨国(境)兑付是一种典型的变相买卖外汇行为。跨国(境)兑付型地下钱庄,不法分子与境外人员、企业、机构相勾结,或利用开立在境外的银行帐户,协助他人进行跨境汇款、转移资金活动。这类地下钱庄又被称为跨国(境)兑付型地下钱庄,即资金在境内外实行单向循环,没有发生物理流动,通常以对帐的形式来实现「两地平衡」。现在多数地下钱庄的主要业务是资金跨国(境)兑付,导致巨额资本外流,社会危害性巨大,属重点打击对象。

                                                                                                                                                                            根据解释,非法从事资金支付结算业务或者非法买卖外汇,具有下列情形之一的,应当认定为非法经营行为「情节严重」:(一)非法经营数额在五百万元以上的;(二)违法所得数额在十万元以上的。